It’s been a widely accepted fact that your skin doesn’t stay the same as you age. In fact, it undergoes a significant transformation from your 20s to your 40s, and the best way to deal with it is to arm yourself with knowledge. Specifically, it has been observed that the Epidermis and Dermis undergo a dramatic change in their structure, as well as a substantial loss of collagen and elastin, the primary components of your skin. Here are some of the most common skin problems during your 30s and 40s, as well as some tips on how to deal with them.
The natural ageing process of your skin can lead to a deterioration of the water retention proteins, which results in dry and dull skin. Coupled with a decrease in estrogen levels, your skin can become excessively dry and will require the regular use of moisturisers.
Dry and dull skin may also be caused by overexposure to the sun, leading to increased production of melanin. One way to fight this can be to use sunscreen regularly. It’s also important to wash your face with cold water in the morning, as this will tighten skin pores and limit the penetration of external pollutants.
An increase in hormone levels during your 30s, coupled with a deterioration of the follicular lining, can lead to an increase in the production of abnormal skin cells. This results in a condition called cystic acne. This condition is a more severe type of acne, characterised by painful, inflamed lumps. Luckily, cysts are more commonly found at the jawline and can be treated with a topical cream containing alpha-hydroxy acids such as glycolic acid and salicylic acid.
Even in your 30s, you may develop age spots, also called liver spots, due to a decrease in pigment in the skin. This is caused by a combination of age and sun exposure and can be treated by using a bleaching cream containing hydroquinone (a topical agent), as well as alpha-hydroxy acid.
This is also the decade when your skin may start to wrinkle and lose elasticity. However, taking proper care of your skin at this age can help slow down this process.
Believe it or not, wrinkles start to appear in your 30s. The main cause for this is sun damage, which results in both intrinsic and extrinsic ageing, which refers to the deterioration of your skin’s structure and also the loss of collagen and elastin.
To combat wrinkles, you should moisturise your skin regularly and use sunscreen every day. Start by choosing lotions and day creams with an SPF of 15 or higher. As you age, you should add a serum to your day and night regimen.
In your 30s and 40s, your skin is significantly more vulnerable to the damages caused by excessive exposure to the sun. Use sunscreen with an SPF of at least 15 or higher every day and make sure it is highly water-resistant. It should also be broad-spectrum to protect you from both UVA and UVB rays.
One good way to slow down the effects of sun damage on your skin is to wear protective clothing. This includes wide-brimmed hats, long-sleeve shirts and pants (preferably of light material), and sunglasses with UV coating.
As you near your 40s, your skin will begin to undergo a number of changes. These changes will influence both the natural ageing process of your skin as well as the external factors that affect it. Be sure to use only high-quality, skin-friendly products and protect your skin by wearing broad-spectrum sunscreen daily.
If you’re concerned about ageing skin, then you need the help of a specialist. CLEO Clinic is a Ministry of Health-accredited clinic offering a range of treatments designed to enhance your natural beauty. Whether you need dermal fillers or acne scar treatment for your skin, our trained specialists will ensure you look your best. Contact us today to schedule an appointment.